Overview of Scientific Teaching

Writing Learning Objectives

Active Learning


Education Scholarship

Disseminating/Publishing Materials

PALM Media

Active Learning Videoclips

Active Learning

Clicker Approaches, Student Reactions

PALM Gatherings




PALM Journal Club Papers

September 2019

Ballen et al., Smaller Classes Promote Equitable Student Participation in STEM
See the links below for discussions among PALM participants regarding the Ballen et al. paper. The discussions focused on the authors’ examination of how various pedagogical interventions could improve equity in participation rates among men and women in the classroom.
9/9 3pm:–amIe2wIumekTziMw?startTime=1568056509000
9/11 2pm:

Kimberly D. Tanner, Structure Matters: Twenty-One Teaching Strategies to Promote Student Engagement and Cultivate Classroom Equity – This is the first paper considered by the first-year PALM Fellows and mentors, who are looking at foundational papers on the general topic of active learning.

October 2019
Miller and Tanner, A Portal into Biology Education: An Annotated List of Commonly Encountered Terms 
CBE Life Sci Educ June 1, 2015 14:fe2, DOI:10.1187/cbe.15-03-0065
This is the second paper in our series of key PALM resources for first-year PALMers; it examines the terminology behind the main concepts of effective active learning put into practice. The recording captures participants’ impressions and reactions to the paper.

November 2019
Jon R. Stolzfus and Julie Libarkin: Does the Room Matter? Active Learning in Traditional and Enhanced Lecture Spaces
11/11 3:00 PM

January 2020
Chapter by Dee U. Silverthorn in Active Learning in College Science: The Case of Evidence-Based Practice (Joel J. Mintzes, Emily M. Walter, eds.) entitled “When active learning fails…and what to do about it.”

February 2020
The subject material for this month’s sessions was aligning assessment efforts with actual learning goals in a course. The discussions were loosely based around Dr. Greg Crowther’s (a PALM member) draft manuscript, “Testing in the age of active learning: Test Question Templates help to align activities and assessments”

March 2020
Brame CJ (2016). Effective Educational Videos: Principles and Guidelines for Maximizing Student Learning from Video Content. CBE-LSE 15:es6, 1-6.  (The focus of both discussions was what people have done to preserve active learning in the rapid shift to online environments due to Covid-19).

September 2020
Smith et al., 2013, The Classroom Observation Protocol for Undergraduate STEM (COPUS): A New Instrument to Characterize University STEM Classroom Practices, DOI: 10.1187/cbe.13-08-0154

October 2020
Lane AK et al  (2020) — Innovative teaching knowledge stays with users. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Sep 15;117(37):22665-22667. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2012372117. Epub 2020 Aug 31. PMID: 32868432; PMCID: PMC7502722. (
10/20 PALM October JC
10/28 PALM October JC commentary

Tanner 2013, Structure Matters: Twenty-One Teaching Strategies to Promote Student Engagement and Cultivate Classroom Equity, DOI: 10.1187/cbe.13-06-0115

November 2020
Anderson AE et al (2020) — Using real‐world examples of the COVID‐19 pandemic to increase student confidence in their scientific literacy skills. Biochem Mol Biol Educ.48(6):678-84. 15;11doi: 10.1073/pnas.2012372117. (

18 & 19 November: Crowe, Dirks & Wenderoth 2008, Biology in Bloom: Implementing Bloom’s Taxonomy to Enhance Student Learning in Biology, DOI: 10.1187/cbe.08–05–0024

February 2021
Cooper, K. M., Schinske, J. N., & Tanner, K. D. (2021). Reconsidering the Share of a Think-Pair-Share: Emerging Limitations, Alternatives, and Opportunities for Research. CBE life sciences education20(1), fe1.

March 2021
Weatherton, M., & Schussler, E. E. (2021). Success for All? A Call to Re-examine How Student Success Is Defined in Higher Education. CBE—Life Sciences Education20(1), es3.

April 2021
Lane AK, Meaders CL, Shuman JK, Stetzer MR, Vinson EL, Couch BA, Smith MK, Stains M. Making a First Impression: Exploring What Instructors Do and Say on the First Day of Introductory STEM Courses. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2021 Mar;20(1):ar7. doi: 10.1187/cbe.20-05-0098. PMID: 33444106.

September 2021
McConnell M, Boyer J, Montplaisir LM, Arneson JB, Harding RLS, Farlow B, Offerdahl EG. Interpret with Caution: COPUS Instructional Styles May Not Differ in Terms of Practices That Support Student Learning. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2021 Jun;20(2):ar26. doi: 10.1187/cbe.20-09-0218. PMID: 33885328.

Wieman C. Response to “Interpret with Caution: COPUS Instructional Styles May Not Differ in Terms of Practices That Support Student Learning,” by Melody McConnell, Jeffrey Boyer, Lisa M. Montplaisir, Jessie B. Arneson, Rachel L. S. Harding, Brian Farlow, and Erika G. Offerdahl. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2021 Sep;20(3):le1. doi: 10.1187/cbe.21-05-0126. PMID: 34283631.

October 2021
Reinholz DL, Ridgway SW. Access Needs: Centering Students and Disrupting Ableist Norms in STEM. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2021 Sep;20(3):es8. doi: 10.1187/cbe.21-01-0017. PMID: 34460293.

November 2021
Wang, C., Cavanagh, A. J., Bauer, M., Reeves, P. M., Gill, J. C., Chen, X., … & Graham, M. J. (2021). A Framework of College Student Buy-in to Evidence-Based Teaching Practices in STEM: The Roles of Trust and Growth Mindset. CBE—Life Sciences Education20(4), ar54.

January 2022
Wilton, M., Katz, D., Clairmont, A., Gonzalez-Nino, E., Foltz, K. R., & Christoffersen, R. E. (2021). Improving Academic Performance and Retention of First-Year Biology Students through a Scalable Peer Mentorship Program. CBE—Life Sciences Education20(4), ar63.

February 2022
Stanton, J. D., Means, D. R., Babatola, O., Osondu, C., Oni, O., & Mekonnen, B. (2022). Drawing on Internal Strengths and Creating Spaces for Growth: How Black Science Majors Navigate the Racial Climate at a Predominantly White Institution to Succeed. CBE—Life Sciences Education21(1), ar3.
Session 1
Session 2

March 2022
Kreher, S. A., Pavlova, I. V., & Nelms, A. (2021). An active learning intervention based on evaluating alternative hypotheses increases scientific literacy of controlled experiments in introductory biology. Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education, 22(3), e00172-21.
Session 1